, Professor, Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering
Significant time and money are currently expended in the purchase and installation of sediment control logs. These logs often fail because of poorly understood performance limits and improper installation. This project investigated the performance limits by determining the flow and sediment removal characteristics of different types of logs. The physical characteristics and flow rates per project area were evaluated with twelve different logs. The densities and flow rate of materials in these logs varied between 0.035 gm/cm3 and 1508 ft/min for wood fiber to 0.269 gm/cm3 and 208 ft/min for compost. Flow rates were predicted using a power function of density with fair accuracy (r2=0.64) and predicted with good accuracy using saturated conductivity (r2=0.87) or capillary moisture content (r2=0.81). A sediment flume was constructed and used to evaluate sediment removal and failure rates. One log with three replicates of each type of material was tested. There was a positive power function relationship between percent finer and mean log capture (r2 = 0.91). Field information was collected and used in conjunction with hydraulic and sediment data to develop selection guidelines for sediment control logs. Researchers prepared educational materials for workshops.