Pavement Rehabilitation Selection
Shongtao Dai, Eugene Skok, Thomas Westover, Joseph Labuz, Erland Lukanen
Report no. Mn/DOT 2008-06
The objective of the project was to outline best practices for the selection of asphalt pavement recycling techniques from the many choices that are available. The report specifically examines cold-in-place recycling (CIR), plain full depth reclamation (FDR), and mill & overlay (M&O). Interviews, surveys, and site visits were conducted at both Mn/DOT districts and counties, where relevant rehabilitation information was supplied on over 120 projects. A database was constructed to organize the details of these projects, and the parameters in the database included (1) cracking, (2) ride, (3) rutting, (4) age, and (5) traffic volume. From studying the existing rehabilitation projects in the State, Ride Quality Index (RQI) and Surface Rating (SR) were selected as the descriptors of pavement surface condition.
A decision procedure based on the analysis of all available projects was developed. The decision procedure included (1) consideration of road geometrics; (2) pavement condition survey; and (3) structural adequacy evaluation. Furthermore, a step-by-step checklist was developed to provide local engineers with a simple and useful tool to follow the decision procedures. The procedure includes selection of rehabilitation method, pavement thickness design, materials mixture design, and construction.