Design and Construction of Infiltration Facilities

Principal Investigator(s):

John Gulliver, Professor, Civil, Environmental and Geo-Engineering


  • John Nieber, Professor, Bioproducts and Biosystems Engineering

Project summary:

There are important aspects of the design and construction of all infiltration facilities (infiltration basins and trenches, rain gardens, and swales) that need research and documentation. First, a pre-design tool is needed for a rapid assessment of sites to minimize risk of infiltration failure and prioritize suitable areas for infiltration. Second, a method is needed to measure infiltration capacities of any relatively shallow underground confining layers during the design phase (though vital for infiltration facility design, there is currently no well-established protocol for performing these measurements). Third, the number of infiltration measurements required to design infiltration facilities of different sizes has never been established. Fourth, a rapid infiltration measurement device is required during construction to ensure that the facility, as constructed, will infiltrate water at the rate designed. Finally, a post-construction forensic analysis protocol is required to determine why an infiltration facility is infiltrating water too slowly or too quickly. The objectives of this research are to investigate, provide documentation, and develop implementation tools on these four items to be used by cities, counties and the Minnesota Department of Transportation in design and construction of infiltration facilities.

Project details:

  • Project number: 2019002
  • Start date: 06/2018
  • Project status: Completed
  • Research area: Environment and Energy
  • Topics: Environment, Storm water

Reports or Products: