Thomas Horan, Researcher, Humphrey School of Public Affairs
Federal transportation legislation mandates Strategic Highway Safety Plans (SHSPs) that are collaborative, comprehensive, and based on accurate and timely safety data. While intelligent transportation systems (ITS) technology has long promised the opportunity to realize these objectives, there has traditionally been little emphasis on examining the extent to which Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems could provide safety-related data for transportation safety assessment and planning purposes.This research project examined the linkages between ITS systems and the SHSP, focusing on three elements. The first element relates to the role of ITS in producing timely data on safety dimensions, including its visual representation in geographic information systems and related platforms. The second element examines the use of ITS with EMS and the data that can be used from EMS systems for safety planning purposes. The third element includes an analysis of innovative and new practices for capturing, sharing, and visualizing safety information required by emergency healthcare providers for enhanced levels of decision making and planning.