Incorporation of Reliability in Minnesota Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design
David H Timm, Dave Newcomb, Bjorn Birgisson, Theodore Galambos
Report no. MnDOT 1999-35
This report documents the research that incorporated reliability analysis into the existing mechanistic-empirical (M-E) flexible pavement design method for Minnesota. Reliability in pavement design increases the probability that a pavement structure will perform as intended for the duration of its design life. The report includes a comprehensive literature review of the state-of-the-art research. The Minnesota Road Research Project (MnROAD) served as the primary source of data, in addition to the literature review. This research quantified the variability of each pavement design input and developed a rational method of incorporating reliability analysis into the M-E procedure through Monte Carlo simulation. Researchers adapted the existing computer program, ROADENT, to allow the designer to perform reliability analysis for fatigue and rutting. A sensitivity analysis, using ROADENT, identified the input parameters with the greatest influence on design reliability. Comparison designs were performed to check ROADENT against the 1993 AASHTO guide and the existing Minnesota granular equivalency methods. Those comparisons showed that ROADENT produced very similar design values for rutting. However, data suggests that the fatigue performance equation will require further modification to accurately predict fatigue reliability.