Development and Demonstration of a Cost-Effective In-Vehicle Lane Departure and Advanced Curve Speed Warning System
M. Imran Hayee
Report no. MnDOT 2018-34
A Lane-Departure Warning System (LDWS) and Advance Curve-Warning System (ACWS) are critical among several Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS) functions, having significant potential to reduce crashes. Generally, LDWS use different image processing or optical scanning techniques to detect a lane departure. Such LDWS have some limitations such as harsh weather or irregular lane markings can influence their performance. Other LDWS use a GPS receiver with access to digital maps with lane-level resolution to improve the system's efficiency but make the overall system more complex and expensive. In this report, a lane-departure detection method is proposed, which uses a standard GPS receiver to determine the lateral shift of a vehicle by comparing a vehicle's trajectory to a reference road direction without the need of any digital maps with lane-level resolution. This method only needs road-level information from a standard digital mapping database. Furthermore, the system estimates the road curvature and provides advisory speed for a given curve simultaneously. The field test results show that the proposed system can detect a true lane departure with an accuracy of almost 100%. Although no true lane departure was left undetected, occasional false lane departures were detected about 10% of the time when the vehicle did not actually depart its lane. Furthermore, system always issues the curve warning with an advisory speed at a safe distance well ahead of time.